Osteoarthritis is a disease mainly characterized by degenerative processes of the articular cartilage. Changes also involve the synovial membrane, joint capsule, ligaments, muscles and tendons. It is a gradual decay that most often affects the weight bearing joints (knees, hips, and spinal joints) and the joints of the hand.
The condition occurs when cartilage begins to fray, wear, and decay. The underlying bone starts to thicken as a response to the increasing stress, and bone spurs are formed.
Osteoarthritis is primarily seen in older people. According to the Australian Bureau of statistics “In 2010- 2011 Osteoarthritis increased with age, being reported by 26% of persons aged 65–74 years and 31% of persons aged 75 years and over”.
Traditionally osteoarthritis has been seen as an accumulation of toxic material in the joint, and a disease of ageing, obesity, and repeated mechanical joint stress. Arthritis in the joints is thought to be caused by friction, wear and tear of the joint and rubbing together of bones with the gradual build up of toxins that damage the cartilage and other parts of the joint capsule. Other factors such as trauma or inherited abnormalities are also known to trigger degenerative changes and cause secondary arthritis at young ages.
More recent theories about the cause of Osteoarthritis and the changes in the bone are now thought to come from the subchondral bone plate as it is in direct contact with the cartilage and can influence its breakdown. Evidence from humans and animal models has shown that subchondral bone alterations occur before cartilage degeneration”. It is thought that long term inflammation and elevated blood glucose levels damages the blood vessels, leading to damage of the micro vascular bed of the cartilage causing poor nutrition to the bone.
New research indicates that osteoarthritis develops at the cellular and molecular levels where persistent inflammation, and high blood sugar levels cause the break down the collagen matrix.
- Signs and symptoms of Osteoarthritis are
- Inflammation of the joint
- Stiffness in the morning that is relieved by movement
- Swelling of the joint
- Joint tenderness
- Symptoms worse after heavy use
- Deformity of the joint
- Reduced range of motion
How we can help at renew you...you can have a happier and healthier life
- Relieve pain
- Modify inflammation
- Inhibit inflammatory markers
- Reduce CRP
- Reduce acidity
- Repair gut flora and improve digestion
- Repair damage and enhance joint integrity
- Slow joint degeneration
- Encourage dietary changes
- Encourage gentle exercise